be + -ing

ing- am / is / are زمان حال استمراری

Please be quiet. I’m working.

It isn’t raining right now.

What are you doing tonight?

ing- was / were زمان گذشته استمراری

I was working when she arrived.

It wasn’t raining so we didn’t need an umbrella.

What were you doing at 3:00?

be + past participle

قسمت سوم فعل am / is / are زمان حال ساده مجهول

I’m never invited to parties.

Butter is made from milk.

These offices aren’t cleaned every day.

قسمت سوم فعل was / were زمان گذشته ساده مجهول

The office was cleaned yesterday.

These houses were built 100 years ago.

How was the window broken?

Where were you born?

have / has + past pariciple

قسمت سوم فعل have / has زمان حال کامل

I’ve lived in this house for 10 years.

Tom has never ridden a horse.

Kate hasn’t been to South America.

What countries have you visited?

do / does / did + base form

شکل پایه فعل do /does
don’t /doesn’t
سوالی و منفی کردن زمان حال ساده

I like coffee, but I don’t like tea.

Chris doesn’t go out very often.

What do you usually do on weekends?

Does Gabriela live alone?

شکل پایه فعل did
سوالی و منفی کردن گذشته ساده

I didn’t watch TV yesterday.

It didn’t rain last week.

What time did Eric and Nicole go out?

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